彩宝贝

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财务和HR打起来了!你站哪边?

发布日期:2019/7/25 14:49:45   浏览次数:0 次   作者:qy

CAIWUBUMENWEIHEZONGSHIHERENLIZIYUANBUMEN“QIAJIA”?WEIHEZONGSHI“SHIRUSHUIHUO”?WEIHE“XIANGAIXIANGSHA”?MINGMINGOUERHAINENGGANJUEDAOTAMENZHIJIANDE“QILERONGRONG”。QISHIBA,DAJIAKANDAODEDOUSHIWAIZAIDEBIAOXIAN,TAMENZHIJIANZHENZHENGDEGUANXISHIYOULIANGGEBUMENSUODAIBIAODEGEZILICHANG,CHUSHITAIDUSUOJUEDINGDE。

NEIME,CAIWUHEHRYOUSHENMEXIANGCHUZHIDAO,KEYIJIANSHAOCHONGTUNI?HRDEXIAOGEGEXIAOJIEJIEYINGGAIZENMEZUONI?

1.必备财务知识

彩宝贝 CONGSHIRENLIZIYUANGONGZUODEXIAOGEGE,XIAOJIEJIEZAIGUANZHUBENSHENZHUANYEZHISHITISHENGDETONGSHI,YEYAOZHONGSHIQITAXIANGGUANZHISHIDEPEIXUNYUXUEXI,YOUQISHICAIWUZHISHI。

SHIXIANG,WOMENLIANZUIJICHUDECAIWUZHISHIDOUBUDONG,RUHEYUQIYEGAOCENGTANGONGSIYINGLIFANGSHIHEYEWUMOSHI?RUHEYUCAIWUTANRENLIZIYUANHUIJIHESUAN?HETANZAIYUCAIWUGOUTONGSHINENGYOUPINGDENGDEDIWEI?KEJIAN,HRXUYAOZHANGWOCAIWUZHISHIDEBIYAOXING。ZHEILI,WOMENQIANTANZUOWEIHRYINGDONGDEDECAIWUZHISHI。

一)熟悉掌握/懂财务四大报表

彩宝贝 SUOWEIDE“CAIWUSIDABAOBIAO”,SHIZHIZICHANFUZHAIBIAO、LIRUNBIAO、XIANJINLIULIANGBIAO、SUOYOUZHEQUANYIBIANDONGBIAO。

彩宝贝 1.QIYEDE“DIZI”-ZICHANFUZHAIBIAO

ZICHANFUZHAIBIAOSHIFANYINGWOMENQIYEZAIMOUYITEDINGRIQI(RUYUEMO、JIMO、NIANMO)QUANBUZICHAN、FUZHAIHESUOYOUZHEQUANYIQINGKUANGDEHUIJIBAOBIAO,SHIWOMENQIYEJINGYINGHUODONGDEJINGTAITIXIAN。

彩宝贝 GENJU“ZICHAN=FUZHAI+SUOYOUZHEQUANYI”ZHEIYIPINGHENGGONGSHI,YIZHAOYIDINGDEFENLEIBIAOZHUNHEYIDINGDECIXU,JIANGMOUYITEDINGRIQIDEZICHAN、FUZHAI、SUOYOUZHEQUANYIDEJUTIXIANGMUYUYISHIDANGDEPAILIEBIANZHIERCHENG。TABIAOMINGQUANYIZAIMOUYITEDINGRIQISUOYONGYOUHUOKONGZHIDEJINGJIZIYUAN、SUOCHENGDANDEXIANYOUYIWUHESUOYOUZHEDUIJINGZICHANDEYAOQIUQUAN。

彩宝贝 ZICHANFUZHAIBIAOJIUSHIJIWOMENQIYEDEJINGJIHUODONG“PAIKUAIZHAO”,TASHIYIZHANGJIESHIQIYEZAIYIDINGSHIDIANCAIWUZHUANGKUANGDEJINGTAIBAOBIAO。ZICHANFUZHAIBIAOZUIZHONGYAOGONGYONGZAIYUBIAOXIANWOMENQIYEDEJINGYINGZHUANGKUANG。

彩宝贝 JIUXINGZHIYAN,ZICHANFUZHAIBIAOSHIBIAOXIANWOMENQIYEHUOGONGSIZICHAN、FUZHAIYUGUDONGQUANYIDEDEDUIBIGUANXI,QUEQIEFANYINGGONGSIYINGYUNZHUANGKUANG。

彩宝贝 TONGGUODUIZICHANFUZHAIBIAODELEJIE,ZUOWEIHR,WOMENNENGLEJIEQIYEDEZICHANQINGKUANG、FUZHAIQINGKUANG,WOMENDEJINGYINGFENGXIANSHISHENME。TONGSHIJIEHECAIWUSHIJIQINGKUANG,WOMENHRXUYINGSHIERDONG,TICHURENCAIJIANSHEFANGAN。

彩宝贝 2.QIYEDE“MIANZI”-LIRUNBIAO

LIRUNBIAOSHIFANYINGQIYEZAIYIDINGHUIJIQIJIANDEJINGYINGCHENGGUODECAIWUBAOBIAO。LIRUNBIAOSHIFANYINGQIYEYIDINGHUIJIQIJIAN(RUYUEDU、JIDU、BANNIANDUHUONIANDU)SHENGCHANJINGYINGCHENGGUODEHUIJIBAOBIAO。

QIYEYIDINGHUIJIQIJIANDEJINGYINGCHENGGUOJIKENENGBIAOXIANWEIYINGLI,YEKENENGBIAOXIANWEIKUISUN,YINCI,LIRUNBIAOYEBEICHENGWEISUNYIBIAO。TAQUANMIANJIESHILEQIYEZAIMOUYITEDINGSHIQISHIXIANDEGEZHONGSHOURU、FASHENGDEGEZHONGFEIYONG、CHENGBENHUOZHICHU,YIJIQIYESHIXIANDELIRUNHUOFASHENGDEKUISUNQINGKUANG。

彩宝贝 LIRUNBIAOSHIGENJU“SHOURU—FEIYONG=LIRUN”DEJIBENGUANXILAIBIANZHIDE,QIJUTINEIRONGQUJUEYUSHOURU、FEIYONG、LIRUNDENGHUIJIYAOSUJIQINEIRONG,LIRUNBIAOXIANGMUSHISHOURU、FEIYONGHELIRUNYAOSUNEIRONGDEJUTITIXIAN。CONGFANYINGQIYEJINGYINGZIJINYUNDONGDEJIAODUKAN,TASHIYIZHONGFANYINGQIYEJINGYINGZIJINDONGTAIBIAOXIANDEBAOBIAO,ZHUYAOTIGONGYOUGUANQIYEJINGYINGCHENGGUOFANGMIANDEXINXI,SHUYUDONGTAIHUIJIBAOBIAO。

彩宝贝 TONGGUODUILIRUNBIAODELEJIE,WOMENHRZHIDAOLEQIYEDESHOURUHELIRUN、CHENGBENHEFEIYONG,RUNAXIANGSHUYUCHENGBEN,NAXIANGSHUYUFEIYONGDENG。SHIXIANG,RUGUOWOMENHRSHASHAFENBUQINGCHU,CAIWURENYUANHUIDUIWOMENSHISHENMETAIDU?BUYANERYU。

3.QIYEDE“RIZI”-XIANJINLIULIANGBIAO

XIANJINLIULIANGBIAOSUOBIAODADESHIZAIYIGUDINGQIJIAN(TONGCHANGSHIMEIYUEHUOMEIJI)NEI,YIJIAQIYEDEXIANJIN(BAOHANYINXINGCUNKUAN)DEZENGJIANBIANDONGQINGXING。

彩宝贝 XIANJINLIULIANGBIAODECHUXIAN,ZHUYAOSHIYAOFANYINGCHUZICHANFUZHAIBIAOZHONGGEGEXIANGMUDUIXIANJINLIULIANGDEYINGXIANG,BINGGENJUQIYONGTUHUAFENWEIJINGYING、TOUZIJIRONGZISANGEHUODONGFENLEI。XIANJINLIULIANGBIAOKEYONGYUFENXIYIJIAQIYEZAIDUANQINEIYOUMEIYOUZUGOUXIANJINQUYINGFUKAIXIAO。

彩宝贝 ZUOWEIYIGEFENXIDEGONGJU,XIANJINLIULIANGBIAODEZHUYAOZUOYONGSHIJUEDINGGONGSIDUANQISHENGCUNNENGLI,TEBIESHIJIAOFUZHANGDANDENENGLI。TASHIFANYINGYIJIAGONGSIZAIYIDINGSHIQIXIANJINLIURUHEXIANJINLIUCHUDONGTAIZHUANGKUANGDEBAOBIAO。

YIGEZHENGCHANGJINGYINGDEQIYE,ZAICHUANGZAOLIRUNDETONGSHI,HAIYINGCHUANGZAOXIANJINSHOUYI,TONGGUODUIXIANJINLIURULAIYUANFENXI,JIUKEYIDUICHUANGZAOXIANJINNENGLIZUOCHUPINGJIA,BINGKEDUIQIYEWEILAIHUOQUXIANJINNENGLIZUOCHUYUCE。XIANJINLIULIANGBIAOSUOJIESHIDEXIANJINLIULIANGXINXIKEYICONGXIANJINJIAODUDUIQIYECHANGZHAINENGLIHEZHIFUNENGLIZUOCHUGENGKEKAO、GENGWENJIANDEPINGJIA。QIYEDEJINGLIRUNSHIYIQUANZEFASHENGZHIWEIJICHUJISUANCHULAIDE,ERXIANJINLIULIANGBIAOZHONGDEXIANJINLIULIANGBIAOSHIYISHOUFUSHIXIANZHIWEIJICHUDE。TONGGUODUIXIANJINLIULIANGHEJINGLIRUNDEBIJIAOFENXI,KEYIDUISHOUYIDEZHILIANGZUOCHUPINGJIA。

彩宝贝 TONGGUODUIXIANJINLIULIANGBIAODELEJIE,GUANZHUCAIWUGUANXINDEWENTI,JINERJIEHEZHIDINGCHUSHIHEDERENLIZIYUANYINGDUICELVE,RUTISHENGLEWOMENHRDEMEIYIBITOURUCHANCHU,ZHEISHIDECAIWUYEHUIDUINIGUAMUXIANGKAN。

4.QIYEDE“NAILAO”-SUOYOUZHEQUANYIBIANDONGBIAO

SUOYOUZHEQUANYIBIANDONGBIAOSHIFANYINGGONGSIBENQI(NIANDUHUOZHONGQI)NEIZHIJIEZHIQIMOSUOYOUZHEQUANYIBIANDONGQINGKUANGDEBAOBIAO,SHIFANYINGGOUCHENGSUOYOUZHEQUANYIDEGEZUCHENGBUFENDANGQIDEZENGJIANBIANDONGQINGKUANGDEBAOBIAO。

彩宝贝 TONGGUOSUOYOUZHEQUANYIBIANDONGBIAO,JIKEYIWEIBAOBIAOSHIYONGZHETIGONGSUOYOUZHEQUANYIZONGLIANGZENGJIANBIANDONGDEXINXI,YENENGWEIQITIGONGSUOYOUZHEQUANYIZENGJIANBIANDONGDEJIEGOUXINGXINXI,TEBIESHINENGGOURANGBAOBIAOSHIYONGZHELIJIESUOYOUZHEQUANYIZENGJIANBIANDONGDEGENYUAN。

WOMENHRTONGGUODUISUOYOUZHEQUANYIBIANDONGBIAODELEJIE,KEJIEHEQIYEZHANLVE、DANGQIANRENCAISHICHANGQINGKUANG、QIYENEIBURENCAITIDUIJIANSHEQINGKUANG,XIANGGONGSIGAOCENGTICHUXINCHOUGAIGE、JILIZHENGCEDENGSHISHIFANGAN。

二)了解熟悉财务税务基础知识

彩宝贝 MUQIANWOGUOSHUIWUZHONGLEIFENWEISIDALEI28GESHUIZHONG,BUGUANWOMENSHIFOUSHICAIWURENYUAN,QISHIWOMENDOUYINGYOUYIGEDAZHILEJIE:

1、LIUZHUANSHUILEI(7GESHUIZHONG):ZENGZHISHUI、XIAOFEISHUI、GUANSHUI、ZIYUANSHUI、NONGYESHUI、MUYESHUI;

2、SUODESHUILEI(3GESHUIZHONG):QIYESUODESHUI、WAISHANGTOUZIQIYEHEWAIGUOQIYESUODESHUI、GERENSUODESHUI;

彩宝贝 3、CAICHANSHUILEI(10GESHUIZHONG):FANGCHANSHUI、CHENGSHIFANGDICHANSHUI、CHENGZHENTUDISHIYONGSHUI、CHECHUANSHIYONGSHUI、CHECHUANSHIYONGPAIZHAOSHUI、CHELIANGGOUZHISHUI、QISHUI、GENGDIZHANYONGSHUI、CHUANBODUNSHUI、YICHANSHUI(WEIKAIZHENG);

彩宝贝 4、XINGWEISHUILEI(8GESHUIZHONG):CHENGSHIWEIHUJIANSHESHUI、YINHUASHUI、GUDINGZICHANTOUZIFANGXIANGDIAOJIESHUI、TUDIZENGZHISHUI、TUZAISHUI、YANXISHUI、ZHENGQUANJIAOYISHUI(WEIKAIZHENG)、RANYOUSHUI(WEIKAIZHENG)。

ZUOWEIHR,WOMENBINGBUYIDINGSUOYOUDESHUIZHONGDOUYAOSHUXI,DANZHISHAOYAOGUANZHUJINGCHANGJIECHUDAODE。RUWOMENCAIGOUWUPIN,JIUYIWEIZHEYAOKAIZENGZHISHUIZHUANYONGFAPIAO,HAISHIKAIPUTONGFAPIAO?RUHEYAOQIUGONGYINGSHANGKAIJUHEGEDEZENGZHISHUIFAPIAO?ZHEIXIEDOUSHIWOMENXUYAOZHANGWODE。

QISHI,BUGUANSHIWEILEYUCAIWUDAJIAODAOXUEXICAIWUJICHUZHISHI,HAISHIDUIYUWOMENZISHENDEZHIYEFAZHANGUIHUA,XUEXICAIWUJICHUZHISHIDUIWOMENDOUSHIHENYOUHAOCHUDE。

彩宝贝 2.LEJIECAIWULEIZHIDU

RENLIZIYUANBUMENYUCAIWUBUMENDOUSHUYUMUHOUZHINENGBUMEN,YINGEBUMENDOUYOUJIANDUYUYINDAODEZHIZE,SUOYIZAIBUTONGJIEDUANDOUHUIZHIDINGHUOZHEWANSHANGEZIBUMENDEGUANLIZHIDUHEGUANLIBANFA。

CAIWUBUMENZHENDUIGUOJIAZHENGCEHEQIYENEIBUGUANLIQINGKUANG,HUIZAIBUTONGJIEDUANZHIDINGCHUXIANGYINGDEGUANLIZHIDUHEGUANLIBANFA,MUDESHIBAOZHANGCAIWUGUANLIGONGZUODEZHENGCHANGJINXING,RUGUDINGZICHANGUANLIZHIDU、FEIYONGBAOXIAOGUANLIZHIDU、ZIJINGUANLIZHIDUDENG。

ERZUOWEIRENLIZIYUANBUMEN,WOMENTONGYANGYEYAOZHIDINGGELEIGUANLIZHIDUJIAQIANGNEIBUGUANLI,RUXINCHOUGUANLITIXI、JIXIAOGUANLITIXI、XINGZHENGGUANLITIXIDENG。ZHEIXIEZHIDUYAOGUANCHEZHIXINGDAOMEIYIGEBUMEN,JIUXUYAOWOMENDUICIJINXINGPEIXUNXUEXI。

TONGYANGZUOWEIGUANLIZHIDUHEGUANLIBANFADEZHIDINGZHE,WOMENDOULEJIEWOMENZHIDINGGUANLIZHIDU、GUANLIBANFADEMUDEYUZHIXINGNANDIAN。SUOYI,DUIYUCAIWUBUMENDEGUANLIZHIDUHEGUANLIBANFA,WOMENHRBUMENYIDINGYAOZUZHIXUEXI,YOUQISHIYAOZHANGWOSHEJIDAOHRBUMENDECAIWUGUANLIZHIDUHEGUANLIBANFA,BINGYANGEZUNZHAOZHIXING。

彩宝贝 ANZHEIZHONGFANGFACAOZUO,YIFANGMIANBUHUIJICAIWUZHAOMAFAN,YIFANGMIANHAITIXIANLEWOMENHRDEZHIYESUYANG,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIACAIWUHAIHUIWEINANhrMA?XIANGXINHENNANYOUZHEIYANGDEQINGKUANGCHUXIAN。

彩宝贝 3.SHUOHUAYANJIANYIGAI

彩宝贝 YINGGAISHUO,DAJIADOUZHIDAOCAIWURENYUANDEGONGZUOJIEZOUJIAOKUAI,YOUQISHIMEIYUEDIHEYUECHUDOUHUIJIABANJIADIAN。

彩宝贝 ZAIZHEIYANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,HRYUTAMENDAJIAODAOSHI,YIDINGYAOYANJIANYIGAI,BUYAOGUAIWANMOJIAO,YAOZHIBENZHUTI,BIAOSHUZIJIDECHULIYIJIAN。HUASHAO,HAIKEJIANSHAOBUBIYAODEMOCA。

彩宝贝 4.ZUOHAOMUHOUTUISHOU

彩宝贝 ZAICAIWUBUMENDEGONGZUOSHANG,WOMENHRBUMENYAOJIYUDALIZHICHI,RUCAIWUBUMENXINGUICHUXIAN,HRBUMENYAOJIJIZHUDONGXIEZHUQIDUICAIWUXINGUIJINXINGXUANDAO,QINGKUANGYUNXUXIAYAOZHUDONGZUZHIPEIXUN;

彩宝贝 5.XIANGHUXIEZHU

彩宝贝 ZHEIGESHISHENMEYISINI?ZHIDEJIUSHIWOMENHRZAIMANGWANBENBUMENGONGZUOHOU,KEYIXIEZHUCAIWUWANCHENGYIXIEJICHUXINGGONGZUO,YILAJINJULI。

6.ZHUDONGCHENGDAN

YOUSHIMAODUNDIANWANGWANGSHIYINWEIBENSHENCUOLE,DANHAIZAIQIANGCIJIAOBIAN,TUITUOZERENZAOCHENGDE。ZAIYUCAIWUDAJIAODAODEGUOCHENGZHONG,WOFAXIANWANGWANGZHIDAOCUOWUNENGJISHIRENCUO、XIUZHENG,MAODUNJIBENNANYIJIHUA。

CAIWUZAILINGDAOMIANQIANZHIZEWOMENHR,WOMENDITOURENCUO,CAIWUJIANGZERENTUIDAOWOMENHR,WOMENBUYUFANBO。ZHEIZHONGKANSIHAOWUYUANZE,XIANDERUANRUODEXINGSHIFANGSHI,HUANLAIDESHICAIWUDUIWOMENHRDEJUEDUIXINREN。

7.XIANGHULIJIE

ZUOWEIHR,WOMENYUCAIWUCHUHAOGUANXIYEYOUDUDAODEYOUSHI,WOMENKETONGGUORENSHIDANGANLEJIETAMENDEXINGQUAIHAO,RANHOUDUIZHENGXIAYAO(ZHIJIZHIBI,FANGNENGBAIZHANBUDAI)。

彩宝贝 ZHEIYANGTOUQISUOHAODETONGSHI,WOMENFAZHANLEBINGJIANZUOZHANDEZHANYOUQING,LAJINLEWOMENHRYUCAIWUDEJULI,WOMENXUYAOZHIYUANSHI,TAMENYENENGSHUANGKUAIDAYING。